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The Inability to remove food waste and bacterial plaque from the teeth and other oral structures leads to gingivitis, tooth decay, and eventually periodontal disease    and tooth loss. Bacteremia after tooth brushing is associated with poor oral hygiene and gingival bleeding after tooth brushing.

Dr. Femi Okoji, a dentist in Ibadan Central Hospital said persistent bad breath is a sign of poor oral hygiene.

“Bad breath, affects a lot of people in the country at one point in life. It is an embarrassing odor that emerges from the mouth and is easily detected by others.

“Although, there are many causes of bad breath, in most cases, people suffer from bad breath due to poor oral hygiene. This result in bacterial activity in the mouth that release substances such as volatile sulphur compounds,” he said.

Dr. Okoji said that quite surprisingly, some people with bad breath might not even know they have a problem until they were told.

“Bad breath is caused primarily by germs and food particles that become trapped in regions of the oral cavity and emit an unpleasant odor, it also include smoking, dry mouth, systemic illnesses such as throat and gastrointestinal disorders.  Bad breath is a common problem that can cause significant psychological distress.”

“One way to check if you have bad breath is to lick your wrist, leave it dry and smell it, if the smell is bad you know that you have bad breath,” he added.

He however advised that a person suffering from bad breath should have their teeth checked and cleaned professionally on a regular basis. Regular professional cleanings can help to reduce bad breath; the dentist removes bacteria deposits on the teeth above and below the gum line

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