Adedayo Badmus, who is a medical practitioner in Future Minds Development Initiatives, said Ebola is a deadly disease that affects both young and old who gets exposed to the vectors which may include monkeys, fruit bats and other wild animals. In Africa, countries such as Liberia, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and Mali were affected in 2014. However, new cases have been reported in Democratic Republic of Congo and Sierra Leone further letting us know that we need to ensure up-notch preventive measures to protect ourselves and loved ones from this deadly disease.
According to him, the virus causing the disease can be transmitted from wild animal to human and from human to human through contact with infected body fluid which may be exchanged during sexual intercourse.
He added that the commonly recognized signs and symptoms of this disease include Fever, Severe headache, Muscle pain, Weakness, Fatigue, Diarrhea, Vomiting, Abdominal (stomach) pain and unexplained bleeding or bruising.
He concluded that the treatment is through the signs and symptoms; however, prevention may include careful hygiene practice. For example, washing hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer and avoid contact with blood and body fluids such as urine, feces, saliva, sweat, urine, vomit, breast milk, semen, and vaginal fluids. He also stated that as part of the prevention, one should not handle items that may have come in contact with an infected person’s blood or body fluids such as clothes, bedding, needles, and medical equipment. Avoid funeral or burial rituals that require handling the body of someone who has died from Ebola, avoid contact with bats and nonhuman primates or blood, fluids, and raw meat prepared from these animals.